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丹东软枣苗架式与整形修剪

  丹东软枣苗架式与整形修剪

互联网彩票  1、DANDONGRUANZAOJIASHI:

  软枣又名奇异果、软枣猕猴桃是藤本落叶果树,枝蔓细长,在自然条件下,主要依靠技蔓攀缘于其它树木上生长。在栽培果园里,需要设立支架供其攀缘。又因为奇异果(软枣、软枣猕猴桃)长势很强,试验研究表明,直立生长的枝条,其生长量大,不易形成花芽:而水平生长的枝条,其生长量一般,花芽形成多。根据这种生育特性,棚架栽培以水平架棚为好。

  SHUIPINGPENGJIAYOUFENSHUIPINGXIAOPENGJIAHESHUIPINGDAPENGJIA,JINGYANJIUBIAOMINGDAPENGJIAMIANJIDA,TONGFENGTOUGUANGTIAOJIANHAO,NENGCHONGFENFAHUIQISHENGZHANGJIEGUONENGLI,YINERCHANLIANGGAO,PINZHIYEHAO。YINCIZAIPEIYIYONGSHUIPINGDAPENGJIA。DAPENGJIAGUIGESHI:GAO1.8~2.0m,JIAJIANJULI4mZUOYOU,ZAIMEIXINGZHIZHUZHIJIANMEIGE2.4—2.6mLIYIGENSHUINIZHUHUOMUZHIZHIZHURUTU60cm,YAOQIUZHIZHUCHUIZHILAOGU。CONGJIADEJIBUZHIJIADINGMEIGE40—50cmSHEYIDAOHENGTIEXIAN,JIAMIANSHANGMEI60~80cmSHEYIDAOTIEXIAN。

  2、丹东软枣苗(又名奇异果、软枣猕猴桃)植株整形:

  ZHENGXINGDEMUDESHISHIZHIMANHELIFENBUYUJIAMIANSHANG,YIYOUXIAOLIYONGZAIZHIKONGJIAN,CUJINZHIZHUBAOCHIWANGSHENGSHENGZHANGSHIHETIGAOJIESHINENGLI。

  DAPENGJIAZAIPEIDEZHIZHUZHENGXINGCAIYONG“DUOZHUMANSHANXING”。MIAOMUDINGZHIHOUDEDIYINIAN,JIANGZHILIZHIMANZAI30cmCHUDUANJIE,DANGNIANKEMENGFA2-4GEZHIMAN。DONGJIXIUJIANSHI,JIANGSHENGZHANGJIANZHUANGDEZHITIAOZUOZHUMANHOU,ZAI60—80cmCHUDUANJIE,CUQIDIERNIANCONGJIBUMENGFAQIANGZHI,YIPEIYANGZHUMAN。MEIZHUPEIYANG2~3GEZHUMANJIKE。ZAIMEIGEZHUMANSHANGXIANGJIAN50~80cmJIAOCUOXUANLIUQIANGZHUANGDEZHITIAOPEIYANGCEMAN;CEMANSHANGZAIPEIYANGJIEGUOMUZHI。DANCONGDIMIANDAODIYICEMANJIANMENGFADEXINSHAOQUANBUJINZAOCHUQU,YIMIANYINGXIANGZHUMANCEMANDESHENGZHANG。

互联网彩票  3、RUANZAOMIAO(YOUMINGQIYIGUO、RUANZAOMIHOUTAO)ZHIZHUXIUJIAN:

  软枣苗互联网彩票(又名奇异果、软枣猕猴桃)修剪要冬剪和夏剪相结合进行。冬剪在落叶后至早春伤流前二周进行,过早易使剪口附近的芽眼抽干;过晚易引起伤流,危害树体。冬剪依据不同树龄时期的生长发育情况,植株营养生长和生殖生长的关系,使果树及早成形,适期结果,使果树生长旺盛,高度结实,使老树复壮,延长结果年限。

  GUANJIANSHIQUEDINGBUTONGSHIQISHUTIDELIUZHILIANG,HEYINIANSHENGZHITIAOXIUJIANZHANGDUDENGWENTI。YIBANMEIPINGFANGMIBAOLIUZHONG、ZHANGZHI4~5GE,DUANZHIRUBUGUOMIYINGJINLIANGBAOLIU;YINIANSHENGZHITIAODEXIUJIANQIANGDUYIDUAN、ZHONGDUANJIEWEIZHU;CHUZHUMANDEYANZHANGMANWAI,JIANLIUZHANGDUYIBUCHAOGUO80cmWEIYI,JIEGUOZHIYIBANZAIJIEGUOBUWEIYISHANGLIU4~5GEYADUANJIE;DUIJIEGUOBUWEIWAIYI,GUANGTUDAIJIAODUODEJIEGUOMUZHIYINGJISHIGENGXIN;QIMUZHIJIBURUYOUSHENGZHANGCHONGSHIJIANZHUANGDEJIEGUOMUZHIHUOFAYUZHISHI,KEJIANGJIEGUOMUZHIHUISUODAOJIANZHUANGJIEGUOZHIBUWEI。JIEGUOMUSHENGZHANGSHIRUOSHI,XIUJIANSHI,JIANGQIJIBUDEQIANFUYACHUJIANDIAO,CUSHIQIQIANFUYAMENGFA。DANGZHUMANLAORUOSHI,YINGJISHIZAIZHIZHUJIBUXUANLIUQIANGZHUANGXINZHIPEIYANGGENGXIN。

  夏剪主要是在萌发期和新梢旺盛生长期进行。夏剪利于调节树体营养分配,改善树冠内的通风透光条件,利于树体生长与结果。主要方法是在枝芽萌发时应将主蔓及枝蔓上着生位置不当或过密的芽抹掉,双生芽留一个。新梢长到30cm以上,在能辨认花序时,要疏除过多的发育枝和细弱的结果枝,要求留9~11个新梢为宜,使结果新梢达40%左右,在新梢达到80—l00cm时摘心。

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