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软枣猕猴桃苗种植技术及病虫害防治技术

   软枣猕猴桃苗种植技术及病虫害防治技术

  园址选择与整地方式

  XUANZETURANGSHUSONG、TUCENGSHENHOU、FUZHIZHIHANLIANGGAO、GUANGZHAOTIAOJIANJIAOHAODEZHONGXINGHUOWEISUANXINGRANGTUDEBANYINPOHUOBANYANGPOSHANDI,HUOSHANDIZHONGXIAFUHEGOUGULIANGCEJIANYUAN,DIXINGYIHUANPOZUIJIA。XUANDIHOU,CAIQUXUEZHUANGHUOTIAODAIZHUANGZHENGDIFANGSHI,SHENDU20 ~ 30cm,ZHUXINGJU( 2. 0 ~ 2. 5m) × ( 4 ~5m) 。

  移栽定植与管理

互联网彩票  CHUNJITURANGJIEDONGHOU,ANZHENGDISHIDEZHUXINGJUYIZAIDINGZHI2a SHENGMIAOMU,CIXIONGBILI8∶ 1。DINGZHIHOU,JISHIJIAOSHUIFANGHAN,JIEHEGUANSHUISHILIANGZHUIFEI; ZAISHENGZHANGJIJIENEI,BAOCHITURANGSHUSONG,XINSHAOYAOJISHIYINFUYIMIANSUNSHANGHEZHEDUANZHIMAN。FENGDONGQIAN,GENBUPEITUFANGHAN。

  棚架搭设

  软枣猕猴桃藤条长达几十米,枝蔓细长,需设立支架供其攀缘,棚架高1. 6 ~ 2. 0m、宽2. 0 ~ 4. 0m。

  整形修枝技术

  PENGJIAZAIPEIDERUANZAOMIHOUTAOZHIZHUCAIYONGDUOZHUMANSHANXINGZHENGXINGFANGSHI。MIAOMUDINGZHIHOUDI1 NIAN,ZAI30cm CHUDUANJIEZHILIZHIMAN,DANGNIANJINENGMENGFA2 ~ 4 GEZHIMAN。DONGJIXIUJIANSHI,XUANZESHENGZHANGJIANZHUANGZHIMANZAI60 ~ 80cmCHUDUANJIE,CUJINJIBUMENGFAQIANGZHUANGZHI,YIPEIYANGCHENGZHUMAN。ZAIZHUMANSHANG,JIANGE50 ~ 80cm JIAOCUOXUANLIUQIANGZHUANGZHITIAOPEIYANGCHENGCEMAN。XIUJIANGUOCHENGZHONG,JISHIQINGCHUKUSIZHI、BINGCHONGZHI、JIAOCHAZHI、ZHONGDIEZHI、GUOMIDAZHI、XIABUWULIYONGJIAZHIDEGENBUMENGNIEZHIYIJISHENGZHANGBUCHONGSHIFAYUZHIZAIZHENGXINGDEJICHUSHANG,GENJUSHENGZHANGHEJIEGUOXUYAOHELISHIDUDIXIUJIANJIEGUOMUZHI,SHISHENGZHANGJIANZHUANGDEJIEGUOMUZHIJUNYUNFENBUZAIJIAMANSHANG,XINGCHENGLIANGHAODEJIEGUOTIXI。CAIQUDONGJIXIUJIANHEXIAJIXIUJIANJIEHEDEFANGSHIJINXING,DONGJIXIUJIANZUIHAOZAIDONGMOZAOCHUNQIANJINXING,XIAJIXIUJIANZAIMENGFAQIHEXINSHAOWANGSHENGSHENGZHANGQIJINXING。ZHIYAMENGFASHI,JIANGZHUMANJIZHIMANSHANGZHESHENGWEIZHIBUDANGHUOGUOMIDEYAMODIAO,SHUANGSHENGYAXUANLIU1 GE。

  中耕管理技术

  RUANZAOMIHOUTAOMIAO+DINGZHIHOU,MEINIANJIEHECHUCAOJINXINGSONGTU2 ~ 3 CI,YITIGAODIWEN,ZENGJIATURANGTONGTOUXING。MIHOUTAOGENXIWEIROUZHIGEN,CHUCAOSONGTUSHIBIMIANSHANGGEN。

  水肥管理技术

  RUANZAOMIHOUTAOMIAOXIWEN、XISHI,GANHANDAOZHISHENGZHANGTINGZHI,YINGJISHIGUANGAI,QIERUDONGQIANGUANFANGDONGSHUI。SHIFEIYAOQINSHI、SHAOSHI、QIANSHI,CHUN、QIUJIJUNKEJINXINGGOUSHIHEXUESHIJIFEI。CHUNJIJIEGUOZHIZHUMENGYAJIXINSHAOKAISHISHENGZHANGSHIJINXINGDIYICIZHUIFEI,ZHUISHISUXIAODANFEI,YICUJINMENGYAKAIHUAJIXINSHAOSHENGZHANG。7 YUEXIAXUNZAICIZHUISHILIN、JIAFEI,YICUSHIZHIMANCHONGFENCHENGSHU、YAYANBAOMAN,LIYUGUOSHIFAYU。

  GUOSHICAISHOUHEZHUCUNJISHURUANZAOMIHOUTAOGUOSHICHENGSHUQIWEI9—10 YUEFEN,GUOSHICHENGSHUQIBUYIZHI,QIECHENGSHUHOUJIYILUOGUO,CAISHOUYAOJISHI。DANGLVSEGUOPIGUANGZEXIANMING、SHAOYOUDANXINGSHI,JIKECAISHOU。CAISHOUHOU,ZAIWENDU0℃、SHIDU95% DETIAOJIANXIAZHUCUN。

  病虫害防治技术

互联网彩票  RUANZAOMIHOUTAOCHANGJIANBINGHAIWEIBAIFENBINGHEYEBANBING,YIBANZAI6—8YUEFENFABING,YIBANYIYUFANGWEIZHU。

互联网彩票  BAIFENBINGYUFANG: JIAQIANGZAIPEIGUANLI,ZENGSHILINJIAFEIHEYOUJIFEILIAO,FANGZHIPIANSHIDANFEI,TIGAOSHUTIDIKANGNENGLI。XIAJIJISHIZHAIXINBANGMAN,BAOCHITONGFENGTOUGUANGLIANGHAO。JIEHEDONGJIXIUJIAN,QINGSAOLUOYE,JIZHONGSHAOHUI。

  叶斑病预防: 加强果园管理,清沟排水,增施有机肥,适时修剪,清除染病残体。

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